Most people assume head lice are a relatively innocuous problem. They can be annoying and require a great deal of effort to treat, but ultimately, those infected will recover. It is estimated that over 12 million children each year experience a head lice infestation. Very few of them suffer damage in any permanent way. However, it is important to understand what can happen if head lice are left un-treated or treated incorrectly.
An infestation causes the scalp to itch. If children are scratching and digging at their skin, they could break the skin. This broken skin can become infected and lead to more serious conditions. Cellulitis, an infection of the superficial and deep layers of the skin may require antibiotics for treatment.
Other skin infections that may be associated with head lice are impetigo, a bacterial infection of the skin, and typhus, another bacterial infection. While rare, typhus can be painful and dangerous. Typhus comes from the actual bite of the louse and not the scratching. In rare cases, the louse may carry infection, spreading it through the human body.
It is also possible for the hair shaft to become infected. This is called a piedra infection and is an asymptomatic fungal infection of the hair shaft. It is recognized by the hardened nodules on the infected hair.
The most common complication from untreated head lice is recurrence. If lice are not removed from hair, or furniture, bedding, and clothing is not properly treated, the lice will return. They spread fast, and it only takes about ten days for a female to lay additional eggs. Even if you think the infestation is gone, be sure to monitor your child’s scalp in the weeks and months following the initial infestation.
If your child has contracted head lice, do not panic. They can easily be treated with 100% Natural Headlice Blitzer solution, in a Macademia Nut oil base.
Be aware of the possible consequences if lice go untreated, and act accordingly.